How to Build a Worm Farm

comments (0) May 28th, 2014

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mthawley85 mthawley85, member
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Picture courtesy to Gardeners Kensington.Click To Enlarge

Picture courtesy to Gardeners Kensington.


Regardless of whether you are a keen gardener or merely an enthusiast, having a worm farm could be really beneficial for your garden. The products left by the worms are natural fertilizers, plus when you feed them with your kitchen leftovers, you are recycling too. Mind you, though, there is a difference between compost worm and earthworms. The latter make their way deep in the soil, while the ones you are about to be looking after will live just slightly below the surface.

When building your farm you can either use recycled materials like an old polystyrene box or you can buy a specially built one. The one that comes from the store usually have three layers. The bottom layer is where the liquid produced by the worms will be collected. This particular layer could be used at any time in your garden. The middle layer is where the worms will live until they fill it with castings. Then they will move to the third one.

In order to make it comfy and cosy, gardeners in Kensington suggest to place a couple of newspaper sheets, so they won't fall down and some coconut fibre or sawdust so they can live happily in their new home. Then, of course, get some worms. You can either buy them or ask a friend or a neighbour who has such farm to lend you a few. Spread them around the place and cover with moistened hessian (or newspapers). After that, it is best to let them settle for about a week before you start feeding them.

What to feed them with? Well, luckily farm worms would eat nearly anything from your kitchen leftovers. So, egg shells, fruits, vegetables, coffee grounds, etc. will be highly appreciated by your garden fertilizing experts. However, limit the amount of onions and citruses. You can also include debris from the vacuum cleaner and small amounts of grass, weeds and cardboard (slightly wet) to their menu.

When they start eating, they will find their way through everything, and their "number two" will start filling most of the place. When this happens, put the third layer on the top of the current one and help your worms move into their new home by attracting them with some food. Once they are all settled in the new layer, take the full one away and transfer it's content somewhere for future use in the garden. Then wash the layer well and prepare it for the next time your worms have to move.

What to do with the castings? You can use the liquid to dilute it in some water (1 part worm liquid into 10 parts of water) and then apply it to your veggies or plants. It will really help the grow. As for the solid waste - make slurry out of it and mix it with water. This will provide your garden with enough nutrients.

And just a final piece of advice - if the weather is really hot, you must keep your worms cool. Do so by placing moistened hessian all over the farm.


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posted in: garden, worms, farm worms, fertilizers, fertilizing