Build a Cold Frame with a Lightweight Lidcomments (2) August 1st, 2009
Cold frames are like time machines. They allow you to start planting weeks earlier in the spring and to extend the fall harvest past the hard freezes that would bring an end to crops in unprotected beds. When I designed these cold frame covers I had several goals in mind. They had to be lightweight, because I wanted to use automatic venting controls (I used a Univent) to protect the plants from overheating. They had to be economical and easy to build—the total cost (in 2000), including all hardware but not the Univent, was less than $25 per cover. The covers also had to be easy to remove and set aside for working in the beds. In this case I was building covers for an existing cold frame, but if you need a base, here's a design that's simple to make.
Lumber and other materials
|Get a plan for the cold frame cover and base, along along with a materials list.|
The frames are covered with clear, 8-mil vinyl, available at hardware stores in 3-foot by 25-foot rolls. I use these covers from early spring through late fall and store them in the barn during the worst of the winter. If you want a cover that can withstand the weight of heavy snowfalls, use sturdier but more expensive fiberglass or polycarbonate sheets to cover your frames and add an extra arched crosspiece for support. The slight arch in the crosspieces isn’t just for aesthetics; it makes the frame and cover more rigid and prevents rain from pooling on the plastic. The vinyl won’t last forever, but with a little care it should last two or three years, at least. If, as is likely, you won’t be using the covers in midsummer, store them out of direct sunlight. It will prolong the life of the glazing.
There is no fancy joinery involved in building the frames. The crosspieces are oriented with the arched edge at the top, against the plastic. They butt up against the longer sides of the frame and are attached at each joint with a pair of 2-inch-long corrosion-resistant screws meant for building wooden decks.
Build the cover with ribs and battens
|When making the crosspieces, use one of the battens you have already cut to draw the arch. Cut out the arch using a jigsaw.|
If you are going to use a Univent opener, add a small wood block cut from a 2x4 to the inside of the frame for the bracket.
To get a smooth, wrinkle-free fit for the vinyl glazing, first attach it to the finished frame with short pieces of masking tape every foot or so all around the edges. Once you have adjusted the vinyl to a smooth, tight fit, staple all around the perimeter with 3⁄8-inch staples, spacing the staples about 3 inches apart. Staple the vinyl to the two end arches and the side pieces only, not to the center arches. The crown of staples holding the vinyl should run with the length of the frame pieces. Remove the tape.
|To get a smooth fit with the vinyl covering, tape the edges to the frame with masking tape before stapling the vinyl in place (left). Use 3/8-uinch staples spaced about every 3 inches around the outside of the frame to secure the vinyl (right). Do not staple the vinyl to the two crosspieces at the center of the frame.|
Hitching up the spring clip
The covers can be hinged on either their long or short edge. The hinges I designed are unconventional, but they work well. The heart of each hinge is a simple U-shaped spring clip intended for hanging brooms or mops on the wall. The clips are attached to the cold frame cover and snap over brackets made from easy-to-assemble plastic pipe. Removing and replacing the cover is simple; it snaps on and off with a gentle tug.
|A simple hinge design makes maneuvering these covers effortless. Two U-shaped adjustable spring clips are attached to the frame of the cover at one end (left). These clips easily pivot on and also snap on and off the CPVC pipe that is attached to the base (right).|
Automatic venting controls free up your time
|A Univent will automatically open and close the cold frame cover in response to temperature changes. It allows you the freedom to be away from the garden and not worry about the plants in your cold frame.|
The only remaining task is to attach the Univent to the cover, a simple job that is explained well in the instructions included with the control. Be aware that the Univent responds slowly to temperature changes, so be patient before you decide if it is adjusted properly. Then plant some seeds and enjoy your new longer growing season.
by John White
from issue #29
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posted in: fall garden, cold frame