Start Your Compost Pile This Wintercomments (4) January 30th, 2010
You may not be able to use your compost in your vegetable garden right now. But, that shouldn't stop you from creating some. Of course, if you're in the land of still-frozen-soil, your organic material may not begin breaking down as quickly (or at all), but you can be gathering and piling in preparation.
When that snow disappears, you'll want to make haste and get those microbials and macrobials working hard for your soil immediately. Those gardeners in gentler climates will have things going a little bit faster (and no, it's not unfair because you snow people get tulips).
So gather all the greens (nitrogen) you can find. Look for yard waste such grass clippings or perennial trimmings, green leaves, alfalfa meal, hay, and animal poop from rabbits, goats, horses, guinea pigs, chickens and the like (no use dog or cat poop). Drop your greens into an enclosed or open bin.
If you're making a new pile and don't have a true "bin"; stack it on the ground near your garden. The pile should be at least 3" tall and 3' wide to get anything heated and moving in there. Then look for some brown materials (carbon) such as straw, newspaper, dried leaves, paper towels, wood shavings, shredded paper, etc and drop those on top of the greens.
Kitchen waste such as fruit and veggie peelings, tea bags, coffee grounds (filters, too) is more than welcome in compost piles. Here's the key; most people prefer to add kitchen waste into a fully enclosed container so that critters like rats and raccoon (or your dog) aren't called to dinner.
Now grab your garden fork (or ski pole, or whatever is handy) and mix it all up. Be sure you have some moisture in there (don't laugh - cold air doesn't mean your pile is moist). There's no "real formula". Compost creating is an art so just eye it. Don't get hung up on carbon to nitrogen ratios; make it about 50% greens and 50% browns. Be sure it has moisture at all times, and plenty of oxygen. How do you know if it has plenty of oxygen? Turn (mix) it once or twice a week - that's plenty of oxygen.
By the way, if you do use a ski pole to mix up your compost pile, be sure to rinse the pole off when you're done. Because, I know the pole you use will be your husband's.
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